Welcome to the Abidjan Convention Secretariat
The Action Plan and the Abidjan Convention were adopted by the Governments in 1981; the Convention entered into force in 1984.
Abidjan Convention area: Angola, Benin, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Congo (Democratic Rep of), Congo (Rep of) , Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia (The), Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mauritania, Namibia, Nigeria, Sao Tome e Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone , South Africa and Togo.
The Abidjan Convention covers the marine environment, coastal zones and related inland waters falling within the jurisdiction of the States of the West and Central African Region, from Mauritania to Namibia inclusive, which have become Contracting Parties to the Convention.
The Abidjan Convention countries: Angola, Benin, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Congo (DR), Congo (Rep of), Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia (The), Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mauritania, Namibia, Nigeria, Sao Tome e Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa and Togo.
The Abidjan Convention is a comprehensive umbrella agreement for the protection and management of the marine and coastal areas. It lists the sources of pollution that require control: ships, dumping, land-based activities, exploration and exploitation of the seabed, and pollution from or through the atmosphere. It also identifies environmental management issues from which cooperative efforts are to be made: coastal erosion, specially protected areas, combating pollution in cases of emergency; and environmental impact assessment. There are also articles on scientific and technological cooperation and liability and compensation.
The adoption of the West and Central African regional legal agreements was facilitated by numerous technical surveys, studies and reviews prepared by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) with cooperation of the United Nations Organization; the United Nations Industrial Development Organization; the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations; the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization; the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission; the World Health Organization; the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization; and other organizations.
Convention for Cooperation in the Protection, Management and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the Atlantic Coast of the West, Central and Southern Africa Region.
The associated protocol of the Abidjan Convention concerning Cooperation in Combating Pollution in Cases of Emergency and the associated Action Plan for the Protection and Development of the Marine Environment and Coastal Areas of the West and Central African Region was adopted by 11 countries at a Conference in Abidjan in March, 1981. The Convention and Protocol entered into force on 5th August, 1984 after the deposit of the 6th instrument of ratification.
Musonda Mumba on the United Nations Environment Programme's work on climate change in Africa. She was speaking on 11 December 2013 at a training workshop in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, for 28 government representatives of the Abidjan Convention area.
Map and other resources